MSN - AP World http://syn2.thecanadianpress.com:8080/mrss/feed/fcf7391a2f354311807f0501c16bde6a MSN - AP World Copyright © 2010-2018 The Canadian Press. All rights reserved. http://www.rssboard.org/rss-specification Sun, 03 Jul 2022 20:30:52 +0000 Wyoming town picked for nuclear energy reboot http://syn2.thecanadianpress.com:8080/mrss/feed/fcf7391a2f354311807f0501c16bde6a/179a63d8c44c44659727532414c33735 A Bill Gates-backed company picked sleepy town in Wyoming as their location for a project that aims to reboot the nation’s nuclear energy (Jan. 18) 179a63d8c44c44659727532414c33735 Tue, 18 Jan 2022 22:12:42 +0000 SHOTLIST:RESTRICTION SUMMARY:  ASSOCIATED PRESS  Kemmerer, Wyoming – 12 January 20221. Various of Kemmerer town 2. SOUNDBITE (English) Crystal Bowen, coal power plant worker:++PARTIALLY COVERED++"I don't know if Kemmerer would have survived if we lost the power plant and the coal mine both. It may have just turned into a ghost town."3. Man playing pool4. Water tank in KemmererASSOCIATED PRESS  Everett, Washington – 13 January 20225. TerraPower logo, model of nuclear reactorANNOTATION:A Bill Gates-backed company chose a sleepy Wyoming town to reboot nuclear energy in the United States.ASSOCIATED PRESS  Kemmerer, Wyoming – 12 January 20226. Various shots of a coal-fired power plant near Kemmerer, Wyoming, that is set to close in 2025ANNOTATION: Kemmerer had been bracing for the closure in 2025 of a coal power plant that employs 230 people. The nuclear plant could rehire those workers.7. Woman walking into coal plant office8.  SOUNDBITE (English) Crystal Bowen, coal power plant worker:"I --  born and raised here in this community and I did not want to have to leave. I have children here, I have parents here. And the idea of having to move away and work in another location was pretty scary."9. Wide of plantASSOCIATED PRESS  ARCHIVE: Pottstown, Pennsylvania – 26 November 202010. STILL of cooling towers of Exelon Corporation's Limerick Generating Station nuclear power plantASSOCIATED PRESS  Kemmerer, Wyoming – 12 January 202211. Wind turbines12. Coal at coal power plantANNOTATION:The demonstration project comes as many U.S. states consider nuclear to supplement renewal energy in the transition away from fossil fuels.ASSOCIATED PRESS  Everett, Washington – 13 January 202213. Chris Levesque walking in research lab14. SOUNDBITE (English) Chris Levesque, TerraPower CEO:++PARTIALLY COVERED++"So we fully expect a massive expansion of wind and solar, and we're for that. But to complement that wind and solar, if we're going to shut off the fossil sources over time, we really need a source like nuclear that's emission free and that's running 24/7."15. Liquid sodium demonstration ANNOTATION:The sodium or natrium reactor planned for Wyoming will cost about $4 billion with the federal government paying for half.ASSOCIATED PRESS  ARCHIVE: Pottstown, Pennsylvania – 26 November 202016. STILL of cooling towers of Exelon Corporation's Limerick Generating Station nuclear power plantANNOTATION:Nuclear power generates about 20 percent of the nation's energy, but no new reactors have been approved in the past 25 years.ASSOCIATED PRESS  Everett, Washington – 13 January 202217. SOUNDBITE (English) Chris Levesque, TerraPower CEO:"The US government is providing a very large grant for the construction of that first plant. And it's because they're trying to reinvigorate the supply chain for nuclear."ASSOCIATED PRESS  ARCHIVE: Mineral, Virginia – 15 August 201818. STILL of containment structures of Dominion Energy's North Anna Power StationANNOTATION:But skeptics question whether nuclear energy is a safe alternative for the nation's power grid.ASSOCIATED PRESS  Washington – 12 January 202219. SOUNDBITE (English) Edwin Lyman, Union of Concerned Scientists:"Well, there's no plan for disposal of the waste from new reactors any more than there is a plan for disposal of the waste from the existing reactors this country. In fact, almost every country around the world with nuclear power does not have a long term stable disposal solution for that waste. So it's just accumulating aboveground and facilities that were never intended to store waste for very long periods of time in a secure fashion."ASSOCIATED PRESS  Everett, Washington – 13 January 202220. Liquid sodium, lab technician ANNOTATION:TerraPower says sodium boils at a higher temperature, allowing for better nuclear reactor cooling when compared to nuclear plants that use water.  21. SOUNDBITE (English) Chris Levesque, TerraPower CEO:"Today's reactors are safe, but Natrium is that next level of safety, doesn't rely on any outside sources of power to keep the reactors safe, following some unexpected event."22. Various of TerraPower labASSOCIATED PRESS  Kemmerer, Wyoming – 12 January 202223. Proposed location of nuclear plantANNOTATION:More tests and final permitting by the federal government remain before construction begins.24. SOUNDBITE (English) Bill Thek, Kemmerer mayor:++PARTIALLY COVERED++"With what's happening here with the natrium and power plant, that's the survival of our community."25. Sunset at Kemmerer STORYLINE:In this sleepy Wyoming town that has relied on coal for over a century, a company founded by the man who revolutionized personal computing is launching an ambitious project to counter climate change: A nationwide reboot of nuclear energy technology.Until recently, Kemmerer was little-known for anything except J.C. Penney's first store and some 55-million-year-old fish fossils in quarries down the road.Then in November, a company started by Bill Gates, TerraPower, announced it had chosen Kemmerer for a nontraditional, sodium-cooled nuclear reactor that will bring on workers from a local coal-fired power plant scheduled to close soon.The demonstration project comes as many U.S. states see nuclear emerging as an answer to fill the gap as a transition away from coal, oil and natural gas to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Many residents in Kemmerer, where the population of 2,700 is little-changed since the 1990s, see the TerraPower project as a much-needed economic boost because Rocky Mountain Power's Naughton power plant will close 2025. The plant employs about 230 and a mine that supplies coal exclusively to the plant — and is also at risk of closing if it can't find another customer — almost 300."I don't know if Kemmerer would have survived if we lost the power plant and the coal mine both. It may have just turned into a ghost town," said Crystal Bowen, a coal power plant worker.Kemmerer is a quaint town of old-time storefronts and rolling hills, off the beaten path other than for occasional tourists who pass through on a slower, more scenic route to Grand Teton and Yellowstone national parks. Residents speak proudly of the coal heritage, quiet lifestyle and easy access to open lands where they can fish, hunt and hike. A river that is iced over in the winter runs through town nearby a railroad track that is down the hill from neighborhoods of older houses where families of deer roam at sunset. Wyoming has the biggest coal industry in the U.S. by far. Trump won the state with some of his highest margins, almost 70%, in 2016 and 2020 on promises to shore up coal mining.The U.S. nuclear industry has been at a standstill, providing a steady 20% of the nation's power for decade amid the costly and time-consuming process of building huge conventional nuclear plants.Only one new commercial nuclear project, the Tennessee Valley Authority's Watts Bar No. 2, has come online in the U.S. in the past 25 years.By cooling the planned Kemmerer reactor with liquid sodium, a metal that boils at a temperature much higher than water and solidifies at well above room temperature, TerraPower says its relatively small, 345-megawatt plant, able to power about 345,000 homes, will be safe and less expensive than conventional, water-cooled nuclear plants. The company's Natrium plant will use a simpler and less expensive system of unpressurized coolant and vents not dependent on electricity to halt fission during an emergency.The approach isn't new. Russia has had a commercial sodium-cooled reactor in use at full capacity since 2016 and such designs have been tested in the U.S.Edwin Lyman, who tracks nuclear projects at the Union of Concerned Scientists, said a concern of what to do with spent fuel remains for this new generation of plants, should it be built. "Well, there's no plan for disposal of the waste from new reactors any more than there is a plan for disposal of the waste from the existing reactors this country. In fact, almost every country around the world with nuclear power does not have a long term stable disposal solution for that waste. So it's just accumulating above ground and facilities that were never intended to store waste for very long periods of time in a secure fashion," he said. TerraPower plans to make its plant useful for today's energy grid of growing renewable power. A salt heat "battery" will allow the plant to ramp up electricity production on demand, offsetting dips in electricity when the wind isn't blowing and sun isn't shining.At peak capacity, the plant could generate 500 megawatts, enough for 500,000 homes, according to TerraPower.Chris Levesque, TerraPower CEO, said researchers are still hard at work testing systems that they will have to submit to the government for testing before the plant is built. But he's confident the plant will be successful. The project will cost up to $4 billion, half of it from the U.S. Department of Energy, but costs should come down as demand for carbon-free energy grows and more are built, said Levesque.One downside: The plant's fuel, at least at first, would need to come from Russia. The plant will require uranium fuel enriched to 20%, four times higher than in conventional nuclear plants. The U.S. doesn't currently enrich fuel to that level for commercial power.So far, concerns in Wyoming about the project have been few. The Wyoming Outdoor Council, noting the declining cost of solar and wind power, points out that nuclear remains costly and sodium-cooled in other countries have had leaks leading to fires and shutdowns. TerraPower has pledged to train workers so anyone interested can transition to working at the nuclear plant when it opens, said Rodger Holt, manager of the Naughton coal plant.Kemmerer beat out three other Wyoming cities for the nuclear plant: nearby Rock Springs, Gillette in a coal-rich northeastern part of the state and Glenrock in east-central Wyoming. The Naughton plant employees, with experience on equipment such as generators that are used in both coal and nuclear plants, were a major reason for putting the plant in Kemmerer, according to TerraPower.===========================================================Clients are reminded: (i) to check the terms of their licence agreements for use of content outside news programming and that further advice and assistance can be obtained from the AP Archive on: Tel +44 (0) 20 7482 7482 Email: info@aparchive.com(ii) they should check with the applicable collecting society in their Territory regarding the clearance of any sound recording or performance included within the AP Television News service (iii) they have editorial responsibility for the use of all and any content included within the AP Television News service and for libel, privacy, compliance and third party rights applicable to their Territory. A Bill Gates-backed company picked sleepy town in Wyoming as their location for a project that aims to reboot the nation’s nuclear energy (Jan. 18) Wyoming town picked for nuclear energy reboot